Diabetes is a metabolic disease that affects the body's ability to process sugar. It occurs when the pancreas doesn't produce any or enough insulin, which is a hormone that helps the body absorb sugar. As a result, blood sugar levels shoot up, and the body is unable to use the sugar for energy. Diabetes is classified into two main types: type 1 and type 2.
Periodontal disease is a serious condition that affects the health of gums, teeth, and jawbones. When left untreated, it results in severe damage to soft tissue and bone around the teeth. This condition often requires professional treatment from a dentist to reduce infection and improve oral health.
People with diabetes are more likely to develop periodontal disease, which can lead to tooth loss and other health problems. Periodontal disease is caused by plaque buildup and bacteria in the mouth that irritates the gums. Inflamed gums can loosen teeth and eventually cause the teeth to fall out or require extractions. Other oral complications of diabetes include thrush, dry mouth, and burning mouth syndrome. A dry mouth is an uncomfortable condition caused by reduced saliva flow and can lead to tooth decay if not treated. Burning mouth syndrome is a painful condition that often occurs at night and causes the tongue to feel scalded when touched with cold water or food. Thrush is a yeast infection that causes white patches on the tongue or inner cheeks. If left untreated, thrush can be uncomfortable and cause pain and inflammation.
People with diabetes should have regular checkups with their dentist to monitor for signs of oral health problems, including bleeding gums, bad breath, and loose teeth. Maintaining a healthy oral hygiene routine at home is the best way to prevent common oral complications associated with diabetes. Patients should brush twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush that has the American Dental Association seal of approval. They also need to floss daily and rinse with fluoride mouthwash. During each brushing and flossing, patients should carefully clean each side of the teeth and gums. They should also spend time cleaning around the brackets and wires of braces. At-home dental care should be combined with professional care from a dentist in order to maximize oral health. A dentist may recommend more frequent visits for patients with diabetes who are more prone to oral health issues. At these visits, the dentist will thoroughly clean the mouth and may perform a periodontal exam to check for any early signs of gum disease. By maintaining good oral hygiene at home and visiting the dentist regularly, patients with diabetes can protect their oral health and reduce the risk of developing serious health issues.
Atlantic Dental, located in Denver, CO, is equipped with the latest amenities and modern technologies that enable the best dental care facilities for patients. Call us at (720) 738-8888 and schedule an appointment with the dentist.